Science Simulations, Technology Simulations, Engineering Simulations, Mathematics Simulations
Lesson 1: Learning the Parts
A number of places on Earth are having a serious lack of rainfall. These droughts lead to very small supplies of fresh water. Many places need a way to make fresh water to make up for the lack of rain. Desalination is one way to make fresh water. Are you ready to dive into this investigation?
Here are some definitions to help you in your investigation.
Drought - a lack of rainfall in a given area
Desalination - turning salt water from the ocean into fresh drinking water
Flash Chamber - a device that holds liquid, turns it into a gas, and holds the gas
Aerosolizer - a device that changes a liquid into much smaller and lighter particles that can be carried in the air
Condenser - a device that changes a gas into a liquid
Intake - where a substance enters a system
Outlet - where a substance exits a system
Return - where a substance is moved to its original location
Change of Phase - to go from one phase of matter to another phase of matter
Condensation - to move from the gas phase to the liquid phase
Vaporization - to move from the liquid phase to the gas phase
Liquid - a phases of matter where particles move less than in the gas phase
Gas - a phase of matter where particles have lots of motion
Temperature - a measure of the motion of a particle or the hotness or coldness of something
Doing the Science
- The image below shows the flash chamber where the aerosolizer is located.
- The letter “A” shows where liquid warm ocean water is pumped into the flash chamber.
- The letter “B” shows the outlet return for the liquid warm water to be pumped back into the warm ocean water tank.
- The letter “C” shows where water in the gas phase is moved through pipes into the condenser.
- The image below shows the condenser.
- The letter “A” shows where water in the gas phase enters the condenser.
- The letter “B” shows where extra water in the gas phase exits the condenser and moves to the gas outlet.
- The letter “C” shows where liquid cold water enters the condenser.
- The letter “D” shows where liquid cold water returns to the cold water tank.
- The letter “E” shows where liquid fresh water exits the condenser and moves to the fresh water storage tank.
Part I. The Flash Chamber
Part II. The Condenser